Brief Description of Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park, located in the Khumbu region of Nepal, is a protected area home to many of the world’s tallest mountains, including the mighty Mount Everest

The national park sprawls over 1,148 square kilometres (443 square miles) and mainly comprises rugged terrain, including mountains, gorges and river valleys. About 69 per cent of the park’s land is located above 5,000 metres (16,400 feet)

An estimated 60,000 tourists visit the park each year to experience its stunning natural beauty, diverse wildlife and unique cultural heritage. The national park is also a veritable playground for mountaineering and trekking experiences. 

The park is home to more than 25 mountains exceeding 6,000 metres (19,700 feet) and eight peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 feet) high. It is also home to some of the world’s most popular trekking routes, which often traverse the mountain passes connecting the parks’ various valleys.

Quick Facts about Sagarmatha National Park

  • The national park comes from the Nepali name for Mount Everest, Sagarmāthā, which means “sky head.”
  • Several monasteries within the park, including the one at Tengboche, are common gathering places to celebrate religious festivals, including Dumje (April 15 to 25) and Mane Rumdi (19 days beginning from October 20 to 22).
  • The park is home to several rare and endangered species of plants and animals, including the snow leopard, red panda and Himalayan black bear. It is also home to more than 118 species of birds, making it a popular destination for bird watchers.

History of Sagarmatha National Park

While the Sherpa people have long lived in the Khumbu region, commercial tourism to the area started in the 1960s. 

In response to the increasing influx of visitors, Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976 to conserve the unique flora and fauna of the region, protect the area's natural beauty, and preserve its cultural heritage. 

In 1979, the park was designated as Nepal’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Famous Mountains and Treks in Sagarmatha National Park

Undoubtedly, Mount Everest is the most famous mountain in Sagarmatha National Park.

Summiting the world's highest peak is a challenging feat that requires physical fitness, some technical skills and mental toughness. 

The climb usually takes about two months, beginning in April with the summit reached in May and involves a multi-week trek to base camp, acclimatisation and a series of ascents and descents. 

The final push to the summit involves a grueling climb through the dangerous "death zone." Yet, despite the risks, Everest attracts thousands of climbers each year.

Other popular expeditions in Sagarmatha National Park are:

Browse our navigation menu to find many more Sagarmatha National Park expeditions.

What To Expect in Sagarmatha National Park

Weather:  Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal experiences four distinct seasons, and the park's climate is mainly influenced by the Himalayan Mountains.

During the spring and autumn, the weather is mild, with clear skies, making it the best time to visit the park. In the summer, temperatures are warm, and monsoon rains can make trekking challenging. 

However, the rain also creates lush vegetation and stunning waterfalls, providing a unique and beautiful experience.

Peak Trekking/Climbing Season: April to May, September to November

Local Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Language: Nepali

How to get to Sagarmatha National Park

Most trips to Sagarmatha National Paek begin with a flight to Tribhuvan International Airport (HTM) in Kathmandu. Most guides opt to meet here and spend a few days exploring the capital before taking a domestic flight to Lukla and beginning the trek to the national park.

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Sagarmatha National Park