Unsurprisingly, the world’s largest country is also home to some of its top climbing and trekking opportunities. Stretching over 6,000 kilometres (3,700 miles) from end to end and comprising more than one-tenth of the world's land area, Russia is home to a diverse array of mountains, plateaus, plains and coastline.
Its southern Caucasus Mountains are home to the highest peaks in Europe. Meanwhile, Kamchatka boasts several of Asia’s tallest volcanoes. In between, there are a number of other imposing mountain ranges and plenty of other incredible landscapes to explore on foot.
Famous Mountains in Russia
The Caucasus Mountains, which sit on Russia’s southern border with Georgia, are by far the country’s most popular mountaineering destination. Of these, Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe, is undoubtedly the main attraction.
Rising to 5,642 metres (18,510 feet) in elevation, the glaciated dormant volcano has numerous routes that lead to its summit. The most popular route requires very little technical climbing abilities, while routes that lead up the northern face are much more challenging.
Other popular expeditions in Russia are:
- Climb Dykh-Tau (Expeds coming soon)
- Climb Koshtan-Tau (Expeds coming soon)
- Cimb Kazbek (Expeds coming soon)
- Trekking Yugyd-va National Park (Expeds coming soon)
- Tolbachik volcano trek (Expeds coming soon)
Browse our navigation menu to find many more Russia expeditions.
Quick Facts about Russia
- Running from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains are home to Russia’s tallest mountains, including all eight of its 5,000ers and 21 of the country’s 26 peaks that reach 4,000 metres (13,100 feet) or more in elevation.
- Outside of the Caucasus Range, the rest of Russia’s 4,000ers are found in the remote eastern Kamchatka Peninsula. Many of these mountains are also active volcanoes. Depending on recent activity, some are targets for mountaineers, while others are viewed on various treks of the peninsula.
- While mountaineering and trekking is best reserved for the short summer months, most mountainous parts of the country are popular among ski tourers and ski mountaineers in the spring and autumn as well.
How To Get To Russia
Due to Russia’s vast size, there are a number of different starting points for mountaineering and trekking expeditions. Trips to the Caucasus Mountains generally begin with a flight into Mineralnye Vody Airport (MRV). Trips to Kamchatza are likely to begin with a flight to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport (PKC). Guides will usually opt to meet at the airports or surrounding cities and provide transport to the start of the trip.
What To Expect in Russia
Weather: Due to its immense size, the weather in Russia varies greatly. However, summer is the warmest time of year in Russia, with average temperatures ranging from low to mid-20s (high 60s to low 70s). Summer is generally the wettest time of year as well.
Peak Trekking/Climbing Season: June to September
Currency: Russian ruble (RUB)