Sprawling over nearly one million square kilometres (385,000 square miles) and bordering three different oceans, Canada is the second largest country on Earth by a wide margin. Boasting massive glaciers, thick forests and hundreds of mountain peaks, the North American country has long been a popular climbing and hiking destination. Millions of tourists visit the country each year to enjoy its diverse natural beauty.
Famous Mountains in Canada
Due to its immense size, Canada is home to a number of different mountain ranges. On the east coast, the Appalachian Mountains are the main range. In the west, sit the Rocky Mountains and the Columbia Range, on the Pacific coast. In the very northwest of the country, there is the Alaska-St Elias Range, which is home to Canada’s tallest mountains.
Rising to 5,959 metres (19,551 feet) in elevation, Mount Logan is the tallest mountain in Canada and one of the most popular peaks to climb. Due to its remote location, it is an extremely time consuming and challenging climb.
Other popular peaks in Canada are:
- Mt Athabasca
- Mount Garibaldi
- Mount Victoria
- Mount Robson
- Mount Waddington
- Mount Forbes
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Quick Facts about Canada
- Canada is home to 49 different national parks, of which 19 are located in the various mountain ranges spread across the country.
- Situated in the very northwestern corner of the country is Mount Logan, which is one of the world’s Second Summits. It also boasts what many consider to be the best alpine wall climb in all of North America: its East Ridge.
- For intrepid explorers looking to do some climbing where few others go, the British Empire Range on on Ellesmere Island in Nunavut is one of the most northerly in the world and home to some spectacular summits. Barbeau Peak (2,616 m/8,583 ft) is the highest and certainly makes for an unparalleled two-week adventure.
How To Get To Canada
Most mountaineering and trekking trips to Canada will begin with a flight into either Calgary International Airport (YCC) or Vancouver International Airport (YVR). From here, it is easy enough to rent a car and drive to the final destination or take a domestic flight to the Yukon territory.
What To Expect in Canada
Weather: Canada is a massive country and the weather varies considerably from one place to the next. However, summer temperatures tend to be warm throughout the mountains ranges and steadily decrease at higher elevations. On the country’s west coast, rain is more common than elsewhere in the country. In the Canadian Rockies, summer tends to be the driest time of year.
Peak Trekking/Climbing Season: July to September
Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
Language: English, French