Sprawling across the southern half of South America, Argentina is the second largest country on the continent and eighth largest on Earth. Roughly 250,000 people visit Argentina each year, exploring the cosmopolitan capital of Buenos Aires, visiting the lush tropical rainforests of the north or heading to the mountains that run for 4,000 kilometres (2,500 miles) down the country’s western border with Chile.
Famous Mountains in Argentina
There is no shortage of mountains to climb and explore in Argentina. The portion of the Andes that runs through the country is home to the five tallest mountains in the range, eight of the 10 tallest mountains and more than a hundred 6,000 metre-high (20,000 feet) peaks.
Easily the most famous is Aconcagua, which is the tallest in the country as well as in South America. The peak is not a very technical climb either, which makes it an immensely popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts.
Other popular peaks in Argentina are:
- Ojos del Salado
- Mount Pissis
- Cerro Llullaillaco
- Cerro Mercedario
- Mount Tronador
- Fitz Roy
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Quick Facts about Argentina
- Argentina boats a total of 37 national parks, of which 15 are located in the Andes Mountains.
- Away from the Andes Mountains, Argentina is home to a diverse array of landscapes, including glaciers, tropical rainforests, deserts, high plains and a mega city.
- Along with its incredible natural beauty, Argentina is renowned for its high-quality meat, wine and olive oil.
How To Get To Argentina
Any trip to Argentina will begin with a flight into the main international airport in Buenos Aires, Ezeiza International Airport (EZE). From here, it is possible to take a connecting flight directly to the starting point of the trip or transfer to Aeroparque Jorge Newbery (AEP) and fly to western Argentina from there.
What To Expect in Argentina
Weather: During the Argentine summer, average daily temperatures range from 15 ºC to 20 ºC (60 ºF to 70 ºF) in Patagonia, with temperatures decreasing at higher elevations. Summer is also the driest time of year in the Andes, with an average of 50 millimetres (2 inches).
Peak Trekking/Climbing Season: December to March
Currency: Argentine peso (ARS), but many guides accept US dollars (USD)